Spinal Cord Injuries refers to an injury to the Spinal Cord itself, therefore are neural related injuries. These types of spinal injuries are classified as either complete or incomplete spinal cord injuries.
Complete spinal cord injury permanent damage to the area of the spinal cord affected. Paraplegia or tetraplegia Incomplete spinal cord injury partial damage to the spinal cord, the movement, and sensation available depend on the area of the spine injured and the severity of the injury Injury to specific regions of the spine will affect the parts of the body that collection of nerves supply.
Cervical Spinal Cord Injuries. The head and neck region above the shoulders are affected by cervical spinal cord injuries
Lumbar Spinal Cord Injuries. The hips and legs are affected by lumbar spinal cord injuries.
Thoracic Spinal Cord Injuries. The upper chest, mid-back, and abdominal muscles are affected by injuries to the thoracic spinal cord
Sacral Spinal Cord Injuries. The hips, back of the thighs, buttocks, and pelvic organs are affected by injuries to the sacral spinal cord..
Injury to the Vertebral Bones
hyperflexion or extension injury where part of the spinal column is forced downward into itself resulting in a loss of vertebral height.
a more severe form of a compression fracture in which the bone is shattered, potentially resulting in bone fragments piercing the spinal cord
slipping of vertebra that occurs, in most cases, at the base of the spine.
which is a defect or fracture of one or both wing-shaped parts of a vertebra, results in this vertebral slipping backward, forward, or over a bone below. Fracture-dislocation
Classification of Vertebral Fractures
Injury to the Spinal Nerves
Radiculopathy damage can occur as a result of pressure from material from a ruptured disc, degenerative changes in bones, arthritis, or other injuries that put pressure on the nerve roots
Cervical Dystonia (Spasmodic Torticollis)
Injury to the Vertebral Joints
Repetitive Motion Disorders
Spinal Stiffness/ Loss of Range
Injuries to the Spinal Muscles & Ligaments
Due to a single trauma due to an accident or microtrauma caused by repetitive motion over a long time.